US Debt Ceiling: All you need to know is explained here!

The United States anxiously awaits updates on the ever-increasing national debt; the topic has taken centre stage in nationwide political and economic discussions. Often referred to as the US Debt Ceiling, the limit to which the government is authorized as per

US Debt Ceiling

The US Debt Ceiling, also known as the statutory debt limit, is the maximum amount of money the US government is authorized to borrow to meet its financial obligations to domestic and international creditors. Joe Biden and Kevin McCarthy, speaker of the House of Representatives, have achieved an in-principle agreement to increase the US government’s $31.4 trillion debt ceiling, thereby preventing an economically unstable default on 5 June 2023. However, there is still a chance that the Department of Treasury will need more money to meet all of its commitments because a split Congress must still approve any new arrangement. Without increasing the debt ceiling. The US government would be forced into a first-ever historic default with potentially disastrous results.

Monthly US Debt in March 2023 31.45 tr US Dollar
Current Limit on Govt Debt 31.38 tr US Dollar
US Debt as shared Gpt 121.68%
Current interest rate on US debt 2.59%
Official Website

In simpler terms, it is like a credit limit for the government. The purpose of the debt ceiling is to control government spending and ensure the country’s financial stability by keeping government borrowing and spending in check with the overall financial capacity of the country. When the government hits the debt ceiling limit, it cannot borrow any more money, prompting the US Treasury to take emergency measures to continue funding its operations temporarily.


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The US Treasury offers securities, such as US government bonds, that it will repay with interest to borrow money. When the US government reaches its debt ceiling, the Treasury cannot continue issuing securities, thereby halting a significant federal government funding source. Congress determines the debt ceiling, and is at $31.4 trillion. Since 1960, the debt ceiling has been increased 78 times by both Democratic and Republican administrations. The debt ceiling has occasionally been raised retroactively by momentarily suspending it and reinstating it at a higher level.

US Debt Ceiling

Why are US debts high?

The US debt increases when the government spends more or when its revenues are lower. The US has accumulated debt, at least in part. However, with Ronald Reagan’s significant tax cuts, the debt started to rise in the 1980s. The government had to borrow more money to fund spending as there were fewer tax revenues. To counteract the worst effects of the epidemic, the US government approved several stimulus programmes, which ultimately cost $5 trillion.

United States debt ceiling controversies

The US debt ceiling has been controversial, with lawmakers on both sides of the aisle engaging in heated debates about the implications of the country’s increasing debt burden. The Biden Administration has called for an increase in the debt ceiling enough to cover the country’s financial obligations for a year to avoid a potential default. This move has been met with resistance from Republicans. The political standoff between the two parties has further complicated the situation, with Republicans accusing the Democrats of trying to pass a reckless infrastructure spending bill that will only add to the already bloated national debt.

Implications of Raising the Debt Ceiling

Raising the debt ceiling has far-reaching implications for the economy and the country’s financial standing. Failing to do so could result in significant economic disruption, including a potential default on the country’s debt, which could have severe long-term effects on the nation’s credit rating and borrowing costs. A failure to raise the debt ceiling could also lead to a government shutdown, affecting essential services such as healthcare, defence, and social security. Furthermore, it could lead to a decline in foreign investment, negatively impacting the economy’s overall health.

The US debt ceiling is crucial to the country’s financial stability. With the national debt reaching unprecedented levels, lawmakers must work together to come up with a solution that considers both the country’s near-term needs and long-term financial sustainability. While raising the debt ceiling may have short-term implications, failing to do so could have severe economic consequences for the country. All stakeholders must come to a consensus on the best course of action to ensure the country’s economic growth and sustainability in the years to come.

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